There are three different categories on honey bees. These include worker bees, the drones and queen bees.
Worker bees are sterile female bees. Most worker bees spend their life working in the hive. During the summer months they have a lifespan of 6 weeks because they literally work themselves to death. Their lifespan is even shorter in the summer months. The worker bee has a barbed stinger that means that she can only sting once, and then she will die.
Drones are male honey bees that do not have stingers. A drone’s primary purpose is to mate with a fertile queen bee. However, after they mate with the queen bee the drone bee dies.
Queen bees hold the bee colony together. If there is no queen bee the colony cannot survive. The queen’s two primary purposes are to produce chemical scents that help control the unity of the colony and lay many her eggs. Queens spend most of their life in the hive, and only leave the hive to be fertilized by the drones or the hive becomes overcrowded.