Also known as the waterbug, the oriental cockroach is a rather large species of cockroach that has a dark brown or black body with a glossy texture. Males are capable of short flights while the wings on female oriental cockroaches are useless. Oriental cockroaches like to live in dark places with lots of moisture, hence their waterbug nickname. Oftentimes they are found around decaying plants or organic matter as well as near sewers, drains or basements. Their outdoor habitats include thick bushes, leaf groundcover and mulch. Their need to hide directly results in their ability to thrive as a colony.
Oriental cockroaches are not as large as American cockroaches, but they are still a larger species in the cockroach family. Their bodies can range up to 1.5 in (38 mm) long. They can be a dangerous household pest because they can carry disease-causing bacteria and transfer them to humans via their food sources. Oriental cockroaches can also cause allergic reactions in humans.