What do bed bugs look like?
- Size: 5-7 mm
- Color: Brown to reddish-brown
- Body Structure: Head, thorax, abdomen, antennae, and six legs
Characteristics of bed bugs
Bed bugs feed predominantly on human blood, typically biting during the night, when they become most active. A bed bug will travel as far as 20 feet to reach a host and a single feeding can take up to 12 minutes. Bed bugs secrete an odor through their glands that is described as both musty and sweet. In addition to pale-yellow molted exoskeletons, bed bugs may also leave reddish or rust-looking spots in their hiding places. These are remnants of previous meals and crushed bugs.
When are bed bugs most active?
How fast do bed bugs reproduce?
Bed bugs develop from egg to adult in six stages. Females can lay 3-5 pinhead-size, pearl-white-colored eggs per day. When the eggs hatch 6-10 days later, the young bed bugs are called nymphs and appear to be translucent or yellowish-white. To reach adulthood, the bugs must have a blood meal and will progress through 5 nymph stages over a period of about 6 weeks, molting between each stage. Adults feed every 5-10 days, though they can survive up to a year depending on temperature and humidity, without being fed.
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